Relax, Johnny's Got You Covered

Definitions

AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Diseases one gets when HIV damages the immune defence
Amenorrhoea
No bleeding during the time of the cycle when you normally would expect bleeding (menstruation)
Anal Sex
Caressing the area around rectum or penetration of rectum with fingers or penis (anal intercourse)
Cervix
Part of the female reproductive organ (the neck of the womb situated at the top of the vagina)
Cervical cancer
Cancer of the cervix
Clitoris
The most sensitive part of the female sexual organ
Diaphragm
Female contraceptive, a rubber disc which the woman places into the vagina to cover cervix, the opening to the uterus. The diaphragm blocks sperms from entering the cervix to fertilise the egg
EC/ Emergency contraception
A pill which can be taken up to 72 hours after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. Not available without a prescription
Ejaculation
When semen spurts out of the urethra/penis
Endometrium
Lining of the uterus
Erection
When penis gets stiff
Failure Rate
Term used in studies to describe the effectiveness of a contraceptive method. It is indicated as failure rate for perfect use (how effective the method is when it is used consistently and correctly) and failure rate for typical use (how effective the method is when it is not used perfectly)
Fallopian Tubes
Part of the female reproductive organs – tubes leading from the ovaries to the uterus (womb)
Fertility
Ability to procreate, become a parent
Foreplay
Hugging, kissing and fondling before intercourse
Gender
Basic gender identity can be described as an unquestioned conviction of self as being a girl or a boy
Genitals
Male and female sexual organs
Heterosexuality
An inner conviction that gives one the ability to love someone of the opposite gender
HIV
Human Immune deficiency Virus, the virus that causes AIDS
HPV
Sexually transmitted human papilloma virus, viruses associated with cancer of the cervix
Impotent
Inability of the man to maintain an erection to have sexual intercourse
Infertility
Inability to procreate
IUS
Female contraceptive, a small plastic device that is fitted into the uterine cavity by a trained doctor. It changes the environment in the womb and prevents fertilisation of the egg
Labia minor
Part of the female sexual organs
Labia major
Part of the female sexual organs
Masturbation
Attainment of sexual satisfaction, through the manipulation and fondling of the sexual organs
Menopause
The last menstrual period. Also: phase of a woman’s life when oestrogen production slows down and fertility comes to an end
Menstrual cycle
The period from day one of menstrual bleeding, to the day before day one of the next menstrual bleeding
Menstruation
Monthly bleeding that occurs in fertile women that are not pregnant. If the egg-cell isn’t fertilised the inner lining of the uterus will shed and come out through the vagina as menstrual bleeding (Period)
OC/OCP/COCP
Oral contraceptive pill, known as the pill
Oestrogen
Female hormone, produced mainly in the ovaries. Its synthetic form (ethinyl estradiol) is used as a component of oral contraceptive pills
Ovulation
When the ovaries release an egg-cell (ovum) into the fallopian tubes where it can be fertilised by a sperm
Ovaries
Female reproductive glands where egg-cells and female sexual hormones are produced
Ovarian Cancer
Cancer of the female egg-producing organs (ovaries)
Ovum
Female reproductive cell, egg cell
Penetrative sex
Includes vaginal sex, anal sex, oral sex
Petting
Sexual fondling and the touching of partners genitals
Pap test
Stands for Papanicolau smear test. A routine test to screen for cancerous cells in the cervix as a prevention of cervical cancer
Pelvic Exam
Examination of the inner and outer female reproductive organs
PID
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Inflammation of the inner reproductive organs of a female, which can lead to infertility
POP
Progesterone Only Pill, a hormonal contraceptive
Potent
Sexually capable
Progesterone
Hormone mainly produced in the ovaries
Progestogen
Synthetic female hormone, used for hormonal contraception, either in combination with an oestrogen or alone
Prostate Gland
Male reproductive glands that produce parts of the semen liquid
Pre-ejaculation
Small amounts of fluid reels at the tip of the penis before ejaculation (may contain sperm)
Puberty
The period in life when children physically and anatomically mature to adulthood
Rape
Forcing someone to get involved in sexual intercourse or other sexual acts
Safer sex
Ways to reduce the risk unwanted pregnancy and STIs including HIV/AIDS during the sexual act
Self-esteem
A state whereby a person builds self-confidence through his or her decision-making process
Semen
The fluid that spurts out of the penis at ejaculation – contains sperm
Seminal vesicle
Male reproductive glands that produce parts of the semen liquid
Sperm
Male reproductive cell
Spotting
Loss of small amounts of menstrual blood outside the normal menstruation (period)
STI
Sexually Transmitted Infection
Testicles
Male reproductive glands that produce parts of the semen liquid
Thrombosis
Blood clots that can impair blood circulation
Tubal Ligation
Female sterilisation by clamping/tying off the fallopian tubes
Urethra
The tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Runs through the penis in the man and also delivers semen at ejaculation
Uterus
Also called womb. The hollow organ in a woman’s body where a baby grows
UTI
Urinary tract infection – also called cystitis
Vagina
One part of the female sexual and reproductive organs
Vas diferens
The tubes which transport the sperms from the testes to urethra
Vasectomy
A permanent contraceptive method on men. The tubes, vas diferens, carrying sperm from the testes to the urethra are blocked so that sperm cannot get into the semen
Vulva
Female external sexual organ
Wet dream
Ejaculation during sleep
Withdrawal
The man ejaculates outside the vagina during intercourse in order to avoid pregnancy (A woman can still get pregnant if a man pulls out of her vagina before he comes)